Author: Brenna Seward

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The Espionage Act was passed in the United States in 1917. Despite the fact that Congress keeps on amending it, the law is still targeting to prevent the interference of the military. It was actually back in the first World Ware when it barred citizens from showing support on adversary nations.

Protecting the People or for Government’s Advantage?

And then two years later, the Supreme Court has made an agreement that the law was similar in freedom of expression. From then on, this century-old law has undergone several attacks in courts. Needless to say, there are similar legislations in other parts of the globe. Therefore, if you are planning to secrets to rival countries after you check the best mini spy camera by iShotify, then you might want to rethink of that thought all over again. The fact is, the same law has been used to charge Edward Snowden.

Along with other laws, Espionage Act is aimed to protect a person’s privacy while outlining situations to which it is illegal to spy.

First things first, acquiring info using force, tricking people or without consent are all deemed unlawful. Things become more serious when the information acquired has been passed on to foreign governments.

These offenses are equivalent to treason and may result to any of the following:

  • Imprisonment
  • Deportation or;
  • Execution

What is Lawful and what is Moral?

After Edward Snowden had made all the revelations on how the governments eavesdrop on its citizens, the concept of hacking as well as spying became a hot topic. Let’s face it, we all like to stop authorities from meddling with our privacy. But how would you know?

Example, it’s shocking to learn that someone’s peeping to your private galleries secretly or your former spouse is now monitoring every move you make. It could be as well that your employer has successfully installed spyware on your phones to track your browsing activities, chats and calls. These concerns must give people to when spying is illegal and legal. Unfortunately, majority of these things when trying to snoop whether on your spouse, children or employees are considered illegal.

Simply speaking, there’s a fine line between morality and ethics to spy on people, making it as one of the hottest and biggest philosophical debates.

Politicians are all over the place especially when the election period has come. They are hiring tons of professionals and even web developers and doing business with people like Anand Mishra to expose them to a greater number of people. But have you ever wondered what do these politicians do in their office?

Let us get behind the scene of how lawmakers work in the office.

Education Degree that Politicians Need

Politicians are working for people who elected to represent regardless if it’s local, state or federal level. For this reason, most have degrees in humanities like:

  • Political Science
  • History
  • Philosophy and;
  • Literature

In general, politics does not require specific major or degree.

But given their responsibilities and role, politicians must be well versed in management, communications, governance and leadership.

Skills Politicians should Possess

Whenever Americans vote, they do it not because it is their civic duty but it is for the rationale that the politician they’ll vote can solve their problems. Meaning to say, the people on ballot has to have critical thinking skills in coming to a solution. Not only that, they must be able to manifest creative, strong analytical and good communication when working with constituents and staffs.

With the availability of information, Americans are taking the advantage of their ability to interact with local leaders.

Exceptional communication skills as well as familiarity with digital tools play an indispensable role among politicians. Using courses in related to this matter, it can give them the necessary skills to become more effective in interacting and connecting with people they are representing.

Tasks of a Politician that must be Fulfilled

In essence, politicians are like other workers in a way that they are given assignments to be accomplished. For instance, they have to attend meetings, papers to sign, presentations or speech to prepare, calls to make and everything in between. Without organization, these tasks can easily pile up. This is the exact reason why politicians have to maintain staffs and delegate authorities so nothing will be missed. If you think that being a politician is just being present in the office, then think again.

When two commercial entities have entered in a contractual relationship, the contracts they make is automatically regulated by the UCC or Uniform Commercial Code and common law of the relevant state to which the contract is applied. So long as the contract isn’t violating public policy and following the law, these commercial firms are allowed to get into a contract.

Even so, there will be a totally different set of rules to be applied and there are varieties of regulatory statutes and requirements that do exist. These things are setting the parameters for the contractual relationship.

How Come Government Contracts are Different?

Whenever a contract is set by two private firms, they spend money or sometimes, the money of their shareholders. Of course, there are laws that are protecting the shareholders which include the requirements that the executives and the board members act in the best interests of the firm.

The private contracts that take place between commercial entities are made as per the decisions of the business which is influenced by free-market principles.

Even if the contract made goes south and the shareholders or business lose money on the process, this is a risk that they partake as part of business operation or the investment they made.

But when the federal government has entered a contract, the money they’re using has come directly from taxpayers. In comparison to investors in public company, taxpayers don’t have a say or power to decide whether to invest their tax money in a project or not. It is the people in the government who makes the final decision.

On the other hand, between the two, they have a common denominator. It’s the fact that both commercial firms and the federal government utilizes contract management system to ensure a smooth sail of every contract they get into.

Government Contracts, Cause…

With government contracts, these are subject to laws to which private contracts aren’t. To give you an example:

  • Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 which governs non-land property as well as construction company acquisition by government agencies
  • Armed Services Procurement Act of 1947 that regulates the acquisition of non-land property and construction services by the defense agencies
  • Competition in Contracting Act or an act that seeks open competition before awarding a contract except in limited circumstances

We’re now living in a visual age. Images are now shaping international events as well as our own understanding of them. Television, cinema and photos have significant influence on how we are viewing and approaching phenomena that is as diverse as humanitarian disasters, war, financial crises, protest movements and even election campaigns.

With regards to visual politics, the dynamics have gone beyond conventional media outlets. Digital media from Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and the likes does play a critical role in political spectrum ranging from social justice campaigns to terrorist recruitment drives. Whether you like it or not, images are surrounding everything we do.

Its omnipresence is political and has fundamentally changed how we are living and interacting in today’s time.

These very same images like صور اطفال or kids pictures are what dividing the House of Representatives into two parties or otherwise known as the Liberal and Democrats. Yes. We’ve been hearing about them but have you ever thought how the two are different from each other?

A Thin Line between Two Parties

Liberal is someone who does believe in liberalism which is both a ideological and political philosophy. These liberals have broad viewpoints but oftentimes support equality and freedom. These may range from gender equality to freedom of speech.

As a matter of fact, it’s been around since 14th or 15th century throughout the Renaissance period wherein liberal concept started to gain prominence. Throughout history, the liberals show full support on progressive viewpoints that are in favor of fairness and equality.

The first few liberal points of view were the push needed for freedom of religion and democracy which is then followed by the classical liberalism and supported the banning of serfdom and slavery, colonial independence and better working conditions.

Once the goals were attained, liberal views were retargeted to favoring civil rights, women’s suffrage and continuous progression.

Democrats on the other hand are the ones who are supporting the Democratic Party and do not reference their beliefs and ideology. If for example the Democratic Party has conservative point of view, then democrats must apply the same notion as well. In US nowadays, Democratic Party has modern liberal views and therefore, the Democrats are sometimes considered liberal as well.

The Silver Lining

The difference between the two will only be noticeable when you go out of US mainstream politics. Communists and socialists are liberal so does European liberals. Both of the said groups have their liberal views but are not Democrats as they are not participating in US politics as well as Democratic Party. Thus, most Democrats can be liberal but you can’t say that not all liberals are Democrats.

At the end of the day, both parties’ goal is to improve the living conditions and enhance safety and security of their people.